Modern SAP systems, although robust, can be vulnerable to internal fraud and threats. A classic example is Internal Fraud, which remains to be a cause of deep concern for many organizations. A survey done by KPMG in 2010 shows that a vast majority of the 200 CEOs who were questioned suppose that internal fraud is one of the most important risks for their organizations. A detailed study by the Association of Certified Fraud Examiners (ACFE) spanning the years 2006-2010, noted an average of 7% annual losses due to internal frauds. Speaking in terms of losses in revenue: in 2010 alone, an average loss caused by a single incident constituted a whopping $1.7 million.

SAP systems facilitate data storages and operations like procurements, stock resource management, human resources management, financial reports, and more, along with related data mining. Internal or external attackers are intent on manipulating these SAP systems. The acquired data can eventually be used to manipulate any business or organization of its resources, like:

  • Changing financial transaction limitations;
  • Manipulating payment details with subsequent fraudulent details;
  • Temporarily masking bank details of vendors or contractors (mask information for a period of time);
  • Modifying transaction information that facilitates payment procedures;
  • Manipulating goods in stock;
  • Signoff or substitution of actual data;
  • Manipulating human resources;
  • Modifying payroll data creating ghost employees, etc.

These are possible manipulations especially if SAP systems lack multi-level functional security control.


ERPScan, the multi-layer security monitoring suite for SAP, takes care about business and technical layers, controls security settings in various SAP systems and analyzes them according to their compliance with the commonly recognized security recommendations such as SOX, GDPR, NERC CIP, or PCI DSS.

ERPScan is reliable for every kind of business primarily because of various integrated levels of security mechanisms.

The first control level is the defense from external and internal attacks conducted through SAP software vulnerabilities, which currently amount to more than 4000.

The second line of defense is controlling access to stored financial and technical operations within an SAP system. You can find the users with SOD conflicts as well as monitor user behavior to detect insiders.

The third defense mechanism is searching for any vulnerabilities or backdoors hidden in the source code of custom programs. The systems’ source code written either by in-house or third-party developers is always at risk.

These three levels of security checks ensure the safety of your core business operations, functions, and information. ERPScan Smart Cybersecurity Platform for SAP with its high-reliability ratio forestalls any rogue actions initiated by insiders, third-party contractors, and cybercriminals on your SAP system.


  • Mitigate fraud risk and prevent actions caused by cyber criminals, insiders, and third-party developers;
  • Comply with regulations such as SOX, GDPR, GLBA, NERC CIP, PCI-DSS and accomplish that within hours instead of a month;
  • Save up to 80% of time and resources by evading manual assessments;
  • Keep yourself audit-ready at all times with regular automatic checks following the Big Four audit recommendations done by ERPScan.